Correct Early Stages Of Mild to Moderate Dehydration
In the early stages, you may be able to correct mild to moderate dehydration with home treatment measures. It is important to control fluid losses and replace lost fluids. Mild to moderate dehydration is treated at home by drinking more fluids. Treatment for moderate to severe dehydration may include IV fluids and a stay in the hospital.
If you become mildly to moderately dehydrated while working outside or exercising:
- Stop your activity and rest.
- Get out of direct sunlight and lie down in a cool spot, such as in the shade or an air-conditioned area.
- Prop up your feet.
- Take off any extra clothes.
- Drink a re-hydration drink, water, juice, or sports drink to replace fluids and minerals. Drink 2qt. of cool liquids over the next 2 to 4 hours. You should drink at least 10 glasses of liquid a day to replace lost fluids.
- Rest and take it easy for 24 hours, and continue to drink a lot of fluids. Although you will probably start feeling better within just a few hours, it may take as long as a day and a half to completely replace the fluid that you lost.
The following tips may help you prevent dehydration.
- Prompt home treatment for illnesses that cause diarrhea, vomiting, or fever will help prevent dehydration.
- To prevent dehydration during hot weather and exercise, drink 8 to 10 glasses of fluids, such as water or re-hydration drinks each day.
- Drink extra water before, during, and after exercise.
- Take a container of water or sports drink with you when you exercise, and try to drink at least every 15 to 20 minutes.
- Use a sports drink if you will be exercising for longer than 1 hour.
- Encourage your child to drink extra fluids or suck on Popsicles. Children between the ages of 4 and 10 should drink at least 6 to 10 glasses of liquids to replace lost fluids.
- Do not drink coffee, colas, or other drinks that contain caffeine. They increase urine output and make your dehydrate faster.
- Avoid high-protein diets. If you are on a high-protein diet, make sure that you drink at least 8 to 12 glasses of water each day.
- Do not drink alcohol, including beer and wine. They increase dehydration and make it difficult to make good decisions.
- Do not take salt tablets. Most people get plenty of salt in their diets, sometimes they get to much. Use a sports drink if you are worried about replacing minerals lost through sweating.
- Stop working outdoors or exercising if you feel dizzy, lightheaded, or very tired.
- Wear one layer of lightweight, light-colored clothing when you are working or exercising outdoors. Change into dry clothing as soon as you can if your clothes get soaked with sweat.