Facts About Hook-worms
Hook-worms are small worms which attach themselves to the wall of the bowel and causes serious harm to the patient. Hook-worm infections are found mostly in the rural areas of the tropics where there are no standard sanitation culture. Hook-worms thrive comfortably in warm and moist areas with loosed soil and sandy earth surfaces.
Persons suffering from hook-worm disease look pale and generally weak. The symptoms include headache, dizziness, noise in the ears and usually worn out. The hair is dry, and the facial expressions dull and apathetic. In more severe cases it could cause heart enlargement and swellings in the body tissues; shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting and retarded mental development and delayed growth in children. Hook-worm disease also causes impotency in men and women may cease to menstruate.
Female hook-worms produce between 5,000 to 10,000 eggs per day, which are passed out in the stools. The eggs incubates in the dusty fields and hatch out tiny little worms. These little hook-worms will penetrate the bare feet of people walking in the fields into the body. Open latrines also create an enabling environment for the tiny young hook-worms to penetrate not only through the bare feet of passers bye but also the arms and legs of those who come in contact with an infected latrine. The tiny young hook-worms will penetrate the skin into the body causing intense itching. They will find their way into the small blood vessels and they are carried to the lungs where they find their way to the bronchial tubes, and then migrate to the small intestines where they will finally grow into adult hook-worms.
Hook-worms feed on their victims’ blood causing serious bleeding and poisoning the patient as well. They attach themselves to the wall of the bowel and suck blood from the smaller blood vessels. Hook-worms could live in the body for several years causing serious damage to the health of their host. The hook-worm is so dangerous that while sucking the blood of its victim, it produces a type of toxin which increases the bleeding produced by the bite of the worms.
It is safer to prevent hook-worm disease than proffering the cure. To be free from hook-worm and its disease, you need a hygienic environment. Make sure that people put on foot wears when walking on fields or areas that are infected by hook-worm. Human wastes and excreta should not be used on the fields as manure to avoid spreading hook-worm. But in an established case of infection, Tetrachlorethylene is ideal to treat the hook-worm disease. Most hook-worm patients are found to be suffering from anemia. Such patients should be treated with Ferrous Sulphate tablets and a well balanced diet. Don’t forget to always consult your doctor when you have symptoms of the hook-worm disease.
Hookworm eggs in the box by prep4md on flickr.com