First Aid for Bleeding
Here are the steps that should be immediately taken in case of bleeding
• Make the injured person lie down
• If possible raise the injured portion above the heart level. This reduces blood pressure on the injured portion.
• If the injured person is wearing tight clothes loosen them.
• Do not let the wound heat. No hot water bottles etc should be applied.
• Clean the wounded portion carefully.
• To stop the bloods apply direct pressure on the wound using a clean cloth. When the first cloth becomes soaked in blood apply another clean cloth over it. Do not remove any of the clothes.
• The pressure should be applied continuously for twenty minutes
• If blood does not stop on applying direct pressure on the wound then apply pressure on the artery which supplies blood to the injured limb.Know the pressure points for stopping blood.
• Do not let the injured person eat or drink anything.
• If all of the above procedures fail to stop the blood then as a LAST resort one should apply a tourniquet. The tourniquet has to be tied firmly above the injury to control blood flow.
• Do not remove or fiddle with the bandages as any movement can resume the bleeding.
Apart from the obvious visible bleeding an injury can also lead to internal bleeding. One has to look for the following signs and symptoms to judge whether internal bleeding is taking place then apply the first aid for internal bleeding.
The symptoms of internal bleeding are as follows:
• Red frothy blood in cough
• Bright red or coffee grounds colour of blood in vomiting
• Black appearance of faeces
• Red appearing faeces
• Red or smoky urine
• Pain, swelling, tenderness or rigidity in abdominal muscles
• Injury on chest and signs of fracture
• Abnormal pulse rate and breathing trouble
• Cool moist skin
There can be very limited first aid in case of internal bleeding. Apply ice packs on the injured portion to slow the flow of blood, reduce pain and swelling. The medical help should be immediately called as the extent of internal injury could not be gauged by observation. In the mean while CPR should be applied by a trained person according to the requirement. Any tight clothes, belt etc should be loosened and the injured person should be made to lie on the sides.