What is tonsillitis?
Tonsillitis is swollen tonsils. Frequently is caused by a bacterial infection, and sometimes a virus can cause. Tonsils help to screen out bacteria and other microorganisms to prevent infection of the body. Sometimes, however, a person is affected by viral and bacterial infections causing the redness and swelling in tonsils. Since the tonsils are located in the neck, behind the tongue, symptoms of strep throat or tonsillitis are similar.
What is strep throat?
Strep throat is often encountered in the period from October to April, especially in children between 5-10 years at school, or adults. The infection is transmitted from person to person through nasal secretions and saliva. Pharyngitis is caused by the bacteria Streptococcus beta-hemolytic group. A strep throat pain in are similar to those caused by viruses or bacteria. Strep throat may be accompanied by skin rash. They occur in 12-48 hours of onset, and begin to disappear after 4-5 days, sometimes accompanied by scaly skin (especially on the palms and soles). Complications like ear infections, sinusitis and pneumonia can occur if untreated in time. A rare but very serious complication is rheumatic fever, which can damage heart valves and kidneys. Rheumatic fever can be prevented by administering antibiotics.
Symptoms of tonsillitis and strep throat are:
- sore throat;
- high fever for 3-5 days (38.5-40.5 ° C);
- white spots on tonsils or throat;
- pain when swallowing;
- reddened and swollen tonsils;
- neck glands swollen and painful;
- red throat;
- stomach pain.
What is infectious mononucleosis?
Mononucleosis is caused by Epstein-Barr virus and is most often encountered in older children and adults. Symptoms include sore throat, swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits and envelope but groin, fever and chills, headache, shortness of breath, fatigue and white spots on tonsils increased.
What is the difference between a bacterial and a viral infection?
The main difference is the cough and runny nose, which are more obvious in the case of viral infections. Fever occurs suddenly, is large and takes several days for bacterial infection. It is generally difficult to tell the difference and only certain medical tests can determine the causes.
Your doctor may recommend throat exudates - taking a sample of the neck with a cotton swab to an end. The first is a quick test that takes 15-20 minutes and if the result is negative, the sample taken from the neck to leave the lab at least 24 hours for results.If the doctor suspects the existence of infectious mononucleosiswill recommends a blood test.
What treatments can be applied to eliminate pain in the neck?
Antibiotics for viral infections proved ineffective and not recommended. Symptoms in this case will begin to disappear when the body starts its self-defense system, recovery having taken place in 7-10 days. To relieve pain in the neck some important treatment recommended are:
- Gloves drugs (acetaminophen - paracetamol, ibuprofen, novocalmin). ! Children under 12 can not be given aspirin because of the danger of Reyes syndrome.
- Gargle with warm water and salt (1 / 4 teaspoon of salt dissolved in a cup of water).
- Adults and older children can use candy to ease the burning sensation in the throat (eg. Halls) or suck ice cubes.
- High consumption of hot or cold liquid (liquid or food to avoid hot, they being able to irritate the throat worse), easily digestible food and as more fluid.
If sore throat caused by streptococci doctor will prescribe antibiotics - penicillin treatment for 10 days (subsequent research showed that treatment of 5-7 days does not give positive results, there is a risk of complications re-infection or unwanted). Although improvement occurs in the first days of antibiotic treatment is very important to completely do to prevent rheumatic fever. Approximately 15% of patients relapse and infection is needed a second course of antibiotic. Because strep throat is contagious patient should be isolated. Children can return to school for 24 hours if you have not had a fever and had at least 2 days of treatment with antibiotics.
If neck pain caused by different bacteria, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to destroy it. Any antibiotic treatment has led to the end but to prevent re-infection and complications.
If diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis doctor will probably recommend rest and avoiding prolonged heavy physical activity. Symptoms caused by this can take longer than 4 weeks.
How to prevent sore throat?
The best prevention is washing hands way regularly, avoid reaching the mouth and eyes with hands, covering mouth with hand when coughing and sneezing.