A Streptococcus or Streptococcus Pyogenes Strep Throats What Causes Them
Strep throats commonly affect people between the ages of five years old to 15 years old. However, it can also affect people who are older. It is an infection caused by some bacteria in a person’s throat.
Having pains in the throat, trouble swallowing, tonsils may swell and be red along with areas that may pus in them, possibly swollen lymph nodes which are in a person’s neck, fatigue, headache, fever rash, and stomachaches are signs that a person may have developed strep throats. However, since these signs can also apply too many other medical or health conditions, doctors usually perform specific tests to be sure they are symptoms of strep throats.
Strep throats are caused by either group A streptococcus or Streptococcus pyogenes. These are very contagious bacteria which become airborne drops if a person has strep throats and does not cover their mouth or nose when they cough or sneeze. It can also be spread if a person shares food or by sharing what they are drinking.
Complications that can occur with a strep throat are possible infection of an individual’s tonsils, middle ear, sinuses, blood or skin. It may also cause inflammatory illnesses such as scarlet fever, rheumatic fever which may affect a person’s skin, joints, heart and nervous system and it may cause a patient’s kidneys to become inflamed.
A doctor will perform various tests and physical examinations to determine if a patient has developed a strep throat or has a sore throat because of a cold or some other type of infection. The tests a doctor may perform may include a throat culture, rapid antigens, possibly a rapid DNA test.
A throat culture is done by using a sterile swab to rub the tonsils and the area in back of the throat. Rapid antigens can be done on the swab, however, rapid antigens tend to miss some infections which are associated with a strep throat and may appear to negative. With the amount of technology involved with DNA, a doctor may use the method of rapid DNA tests on a swab to get results in a day or in some case less than a day. The DNA test is more accurate and requires less time for the results.
Penicillin and amoxicillin ate two antibiotics used to treat a strep throat. However, due to the fact that some people are allergic to these two types of antibiotics, the doctor may recommend cephalixin, erythromycin or azithromycin.
Ibuprofen and acetaminophen which do not require a prescription may be recommended to soothe the pain in a patient’s throat and relieve fever.